Renewable Energy Projects

The Navy is developing large scale renewable energy projects to meet the Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) goal of providing at least 50% of shore-based energy via alternative sources and having 50% of installations achieve net-zero energy consumption by 2020. Many installations have land available for renewable energy production. The Navy is working with government entities and industry to facilitate the development of on-base renewable energy projects in areas where they will not negatively impact the mission. These projects are a facet of the Navy approach for achieving shore components of SECNAV’s goals.

Current, Proposed, & Awarded Projects (Updated: October 2012)

The Navy considers several factors when choosing renewable energy technologies, including, but not limited to impact on operations, availability of the renewable energy resource, maturity of the technology, and long-term operation and maintenance requirements.

Where feasible, the Navy considers the following technologies:
• Solar (photovoltaic, thermal, and concentrated)
• Wind
• Geothermal (direct use, electrical generation, or heat pumps)
• Biogenic or waste (biomass, biofuels, waste-to-energy, landfill gas, municipal solid waste, etc.)
• Marine (wave, tidal, ocean thermal, seawater air conditioning (SWAC))

The 1 Gigawatt Task Force
In support of the President’s 2012 directive for the Navy, Army and Air Force to produce a combined three gigawatts of renewable energy at their installations, SECNAV has chartered the 1 Gigawatt Task Force (1GW TF) to enable the Navy to procure one gigawatt (GW) of renewable energy generation capacity by 2020. This effort directly supports the SECNAV goal of producing 50% of the energy Navy uses from alternative sources.

Financial Tools

Power Purchase Agreement (PPA)
A PPA is a long-term contract whereby a buyer (which could be a third party or another Navy/DoD entity) agrees to purchase electricity generated from an energy production facility. The facility is typically constructed, owned, and operated by a third party who sells electricity to the buyer. As a buyer under this type of arrangement, the Navy can purchase clean, reliable and renewable power without expending upfront capital or performing operations and maintenance on those power generation facilities.

Enhanced Use Leases
An Enhanced Use Lease (EUL) is an agreement between a federal agency and a private developer in which the developer leases excess lands on federal/military installations for commercial real estate and/or energy development purposes. Rental payments are provided in the form of cash or in-kind consideration, such as new facility construction, utility services, or real property maintenance services. An EUL may be a practical option if an installation can accommodate a large project but does not have a need for some or all of the energy and/or facility space the project would produce.